Waste Management & Carbonisation
Municipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known as trash or garbage, is a waste type consisting of everyday items that are discarded by the public.
The municipal solid waste industry has had for many years four components: recycling, composting, disposal, and waste-to-energy via incineration. Carbonisation is the term for the conversion of an organic substance into carbon or a carbon-containing residue through pyrolysis or destructive distillation.
Pyrolysis in its turn is a thermochemical decomposition of organic material at elevated temperatures in the absence of oxygen (or any halogen). It involves the simultaneous change of chemical composition and physical phase, and is irreversible. The word is coined from the Greek-derived elements pyro “fire” and lysis “separating”. [Wikipedia]
In general, pyrolysis of organic substances produces gas and liquid products and leaves a solid residue richer in carbon content, char. Extreme pyrolysis, which leaves mostly carbon as the residue, is called carbonisation.
The municipal solid waste processing through carbonization (as opposed to incineration) is one of the safest and newest alternatives methods in the world to waste management, having several proven benefits such as less risks to human health, to the environment, socially, with jobs creation besides being capable of producing highly marketable bio-products (biocoal, bio-oil, tar, liguinine etc…..) significantly enhancing profitability of landfills.
In waste management language, the waste management hierarchy is the evaluation of processes that protect the environment alongside resource and energy consumption to most favourable to least favourable actions. The hierarchy establishes preferred program priorities based on sustainability.
To be sustainable, waste management cannot be solved only with technical end-of-pipe solutions. An integrated approach is necessary.
The waste management hierarchy is made up of four levels ordered from most preferred to least preferred methods based on their environmental soundness: source reduction and reuse; recycling or composting; energy recovery; treatment and disposal.
The aim of the waste hierarchy is to extract the maximum practical benefits from products and to generate the minimum amount of waste. The proper application of the waste hierarchy can have several benefits. It can help prevent emissions of greenhouse gases, reduces pollutants, save energy, conserves resources, create jobs and stimulate the development of green technologies.
We believe that our integrated innovative technology sits on the very top of the waste management hierarchy.